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【转载】2014年08月21日  

2014-08-21 10:38:54|  分类: 学习资料 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文转载自syx200812《2014年08月21日》

初中英语八种时态一览表

(以do为例)

时态

 

一般现在时

表示经常性、反复性、习惯性、客观性的动作或状态

原形或第三人称单数:do/does

sometimesoftenalwaysevery+…

现在进行时

表示现时正在进行的动作或打算要的动作

am/are/is+现在分词(doing

now Look Listen等提示的句子

一般过去时

表示过去时间里发生或存在的动作或状态

过去式(did

yesterday(morning/afternoon/evening) ,

last night/year/week

the day/night before, two days ago

一般将来时

表示将来、计划、打算发生存在的动作或状态

am/are/is going to +原形(do

will/shall +原形(do

tomorrow(morning/afternoon/evening),

next day(morning/day/year)

the day after tomorrow, in two days 等。

现在完成时

  表示过去已完成的动作对现在的影响或过去延续到现在的动作或状态

have/has +过去分词(done

neveralreadyjustyetbefore及由for/since引导的一般时间,How long提问的问句。

过去进行时

表示过去某时刻正在进行的动作

were/was +现在分词(doing

过去的确定时间,如this time yesterday,或由when/while等引导的时间状语从句

过去将来时

  表示从过去某时刻看来将要发生或存在的动作或状态

were/was going to+原形(do

would/should +原形(do

上下文确定或在宾语从句中

过去完成时

表示过去某动作或时间前已发生完成的动作或状态

had +过去分词(done

byatbefore等构成的短语及whenbefore等引导的从句,在宾语从句中,

注:1、动词第三人称单数的构成与名词的复数变化一样,遵循同样的规则。在词尾加-s-es.

2have , be的第三人称单数形式分别为:has , is

3、现在分词是在动词后加-ing ,遵循加-ing的规则,注意以-ie结尾的单章节单词将ie改为y再加ing

4、表示状态而不表示动作的动词,如:be , know , see , believe , understand , have() ,like , love , remember 等不用进行时态。

5、对于规则动词,其过去式和过去分词一样,都是在词末加-ed,遵循加-ed的规则;不规则动词也有一些变化规律,可以归纳为AAAAABABBABC型进行记忆。

6、表示将来时的两种结构用法有所不同,分别可以表示主观打算、事先安排的行为和客观必然发生的事情。另外,表示将来的概念还许多方法。

例句:

1. He often reads magazines after class.

2. Tom always wants to go swimming in summer.

3. Lucy has a twin sister Lily.

4. There is a big tree in front of our classroom.

5. People sometimes make friends by doing exercise.

6. We have an English class on Mondays.

7. The boy is tall.

8. Three times three is nine.

9. We began to learn English two years ago.

10. I was glad to get your letter.

11. When Edison was a child, he often asked questions.

12. I will be here at ten o’clock tomorrow.

13. I am going to see him next Tuesday.

14. Shall I open the window?

15. I am writing a letter now.

16. We are preparing for the exams.

17. He is leaving for Beijing next week.

18. The rain has stopped already.

19. I have never seen such a film before.

20. I haven’t seen him for three days.

21. He has lived here since 1992.

22. I have seen this film three times.

23. What were you doing at 9:30 yesterday morning?

24. I was writing while he was reading.

25. He said he would go to Shanghai soon.

26. We had learnt over 1200 words by the end of last term.

27. He had gone home before I got to his office.

28. He said he had returned the book to the library.

练习:用所给的动词的适当形式填空。

1. He always          (go) to school by bus.

2. –Where is Tom?

  --He              (mend) his bike in the garden.

3. Mr. Wang             (leave) Shanghai more than 10 years ago. Last week he flew back, and was surprised to see that Shanghai            

 (change) a lot. He said he           (spend) the rest of his live here.

4. We             (help) the farmers with the apple picking last week.

5. My aunt         (work) in the hospital for 8 years.

6. The rain         (stop). Shall we go on with our volleyball match?

7. Xiao Ming           (write) a letter to his friend last night.

8. Your mother           (wash) clothes when I came to your home yesterday.

9. He            (wait) for me since I went out.

10. He said he            (see) the film before.

11. It’s six o’clock now, Jack           (deliver) newspapers.

12. The postcard            (cost) me twenty Yuan.

13.        you          (visit) the museum tomorrow?

14. When       the first bus         (start) in the morning?

15. I           (not finish) the novel(小说), but it’s time        (give) back.

 

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